Based on his theory of Post-Industrialism, Famous American sociologist, Daniel Bell claims : “Politicion should be a socialist in economics, a liberal in politics, and a conservative in culture.”
This claim was result of his belief in characters of the post-industrial society. Unlike the industrial society, he believes that in a post-industrial society there should be a unity and convergence between the aspects of economy, politics and culture.
But the political and social changes and events leading to 21st century showed inefficiency of this theory and its lack of inclusion; As Bell confirms that he has lost some of his optimistic views toward it.
More than anything the experiance of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics shows that there should be harmony between different dimensions of the society. One of the main reasons of the USSR’s collapse was the Liberal Reforms by Mikhail Gorbachev in politics (Glasnost) and economy (Perestroika).
If the Liberalization is considered as “removing the prior conservative limitations from the structure of the government”, then it would not be trumped up to review the procedure of liberalization in Iran and the governments after the Islamic Revolution. It is clear that the liberalization procedure should be monitored in the Iranian context and Islamic Republic’s system. Read the rest of this entry »